Title.png

|| || ||
22 June 1854
Lt Governor Charles Hotham arrives in Victoria. He realises the colony is in mounting financial debt so he orders weekly licensing hunts in the attempt to increase the colonies’ income.
16 August 1854
Governor Hotham and his wife tour the gold fields. They receive warm welcomes from the miners.
13 September 1854
Twice-weekly licence checks were introduced on the Ballarat diggings.
7 October 1854
James Scobie, a miner, is murdered outside the Eureka Hotel.
James Bentley, the owner of the Eureka Hotel, was charged with Scobie's murder.

10 October 1854
, who was the Armenian servant of the Roman Catholic priest Reverend Father Smyth, was arrested for not having a licence even though servants did not have licences, when that charge was reversed, Gregorious was charged with assaulting his arresting trooper, which was impossible as Gregorious was 'cripple' (disabled) and could not assault as able-bodied mountain trooper.
12 October 1854
Bentley is acquitted of Scobie's murder.
14 October 1854
Four men robbed the Bank of Victoria on Baker Hill; john Bolton, Henry Garrett, Henry Marriott and Thomas Quinn. They made away with £15,000.
Miners met to speak about resolutions to press the Government to reform.
"The Goldfields Reform League" was formed.

15 October 1854
Meeting held on Bakery Hill to protest the arrest and beating of Johann Gregorious. The meeting was attended mostly by Catholics.
17 October 1854
Angry miners meet on the site of Scobies death to discuss the next course of action on Bentley's acquittal. Some members of the meeting get carried away and end up starting a riot. As a result the Eureka hotel was burnt down.
19 October 1854
The Police reinforcements arrive.
21 & 28 October 1854
Several people were taken into custody for the burning of the Eureka hotel.
22 October 1854
A meeting was held after Sunday Mass in the chapel to protest the treatment of Reverend Father Smyth and his slave Gregorious. Delegates were appointed to pressure the Government for a review of what happened with Gregorious's arrest as it was seen as a mass insult to the church and Father Smyth.
23 October 1854
Miners send a group of representatives to commissioner Rede to have the police involved in Johann Gregorious arrest removed.
25 October 1854
A meeting held to hear the results from the group of representatives in regards to Johann Gregorious arrest. The meeting resolves to petition the Governor for a retrial of Johann Gregorious and to remove Commissioner Johnston from Ballarat.
11 November 1854
The Ballarat reform league was getting ready to go to Melbourne and put forward the concerns of the miners. The miners who were in custody for the Eureka hotel Fire were taking to Melbourne for trial. A meeting was called by the miners, they made demands that the licence be eliminated, and the prisoners suspected or burning down the Eureka hotel be released.
16 November 1854
Governor Hotham sends a commission to report on the conditions on the gold field.
20 November 1854
James Bentley was re-arrested and trialled over Scobie's murder and was convicted of manslaughter along with Thomas Farrell and William Hence.
The miners are convicted and sentenced to jail for burning down the Eureka Hotel
28 November 1854
The Government sends soldiers to Ballarat. The miners attack the soldiers
29 November 1854
The miners meet on Bakery Hill again, more than 10,000 miners attend. The group of representatives report of their meeting with the Governor. The Eureka flag is flown for the first time and some miners burnt their licences.
30 November 1854
Commissioner Rede orders a license hunt. The miners refuse to show their license and throw rocks at the troopers. The troops fire shots from their guns over the heads of the miners and Commissioner Rede tells the miner off for their behaviour. Work is suspended on the gold field.
Another meeting is held on Bakery Hill, Peter Lalor becomes the leader and calls for volunteers. Hundreds of people swear their oath to defend their rights and liberties under the Eureka flag.
The Eureka stockade (barricade) is erected.
1 December 1854
Peter Lalor sent Father Patrick Smyth (local priest), Raffarelo Carboni (writer) & George Black (one of the Ballarat Reform League leaders) to negotiate with Commissioner Rede.
3 December 1854
In the early morning, when there were only approximately 200 miners in the stockade, the soldiers attacked. After ... minutes the battle ended. 22 miners were killed as well as five soldiers.
5 December 1854
Martial law is established. The miners were taken prisoner and 13 are charged with treason.
23 January 1855
The miner’s trial takes place in Melbourne and all the miners were acquitted.
27 march 1855
A royal Commission is established to investigate the miner's grievances. It leads to improvements in conditions on the Goldfields. The cost of the Licence is reduced and the miners are given rights to vote.


Reference:


Barwick, J. & J. (2001). The Gold Rushes – Milestones in Australian History. Port Melbourne Victoria: Reed Educational & Professional Publishing


Hocking, G. (2004). Eureka Stockade – A pictorial history: The events leading to the attack in the pre-dawn of 3 December 1854. Victoria: The Five Mile Press Pty Ltd

Parry, A. (2007). The Gold Rushes – Riots, Robberies and Rebellions. South Yarra: Macmillan Education Australia Pty Ltd